By: M.S.Yatnatti: Editor and Video Journalist Bengaluru: It's also known to be the mother-distribution of tens of other Linux distributions such as Ubuntu. Ubuntu 17.04 is another solid desktop release, but Unity, its default desktop, is being retired. This new distribution's real improvements are in its cloud and server versions. The company dropped its smartphone and tablet plans. This, in turn, ended to its plans to make Unity its universal default interface. Instead, Gnome will become Ubuntu's once and future desktop. Days later, long-time CEO Jane Silber resigned in favor of the company's founder Mark Shuttleworth. Despite all that, Canonical hit its mark for delivering the latest release of its flagship operating system: Ubuntu 17.04. Under the hood, this edition of Ubuntu uses the Linux 4.10 kernel. This means it supports the AMD Ryzen and Intel Kaby Lake processors. Microsoft, in stark comparison, won't fully support Windows 7 or Windows 8.1 on either high-end CPU. This Ubuntu version has also replaced Unix/Linux's ancient swap partition with a swap file. The net effect should be to make Ubuntu a bit faster in situations where the system is overburdened with applications and has to resort to using drive space in place of memory. The new desktop also supports the new "driverless" printers. These printers include IPP Everywhere and Apple AirPrint printers. When you're using these printers over either an USB or network connection they should setup automatically. Canonical describes the process "as easy as connecting a USB stick."All of these are minor improvements. If you're happy with Ubuntu 16.10 or the long-term support (LTS) Ubuntu 16.04, this latest distribution doesn't give you a compelling reason to upgrade. The exception is when you're using a machine with one of the hot new processors. The real improvements are in features that are used mostly in the cloud and servers.Ubuntu 17.04, code named Zesty Zapus, is the release that will succeed Ubuntu 16.10 and even though it's End of life date has been scheduled for January 2018, the development team aims to bring a lot of upgrades, fixes, and additions in this release.Its codename, Zesty, is an adjective for 'great enthusiasm and energy', while Zapus, is the genus name of a North-American mouse that is said to be the only mammal on Earth that has up to 18 teeth in total. Ubuntu is an open source software operating system that runs from the desktop, to the cloud, to all your internet connected things .Ubuntu Core is a tiny, transactional version of Ubuntu for IoT devices and large container deployments. It runs a new breed of super-secure, remotely upgradeable Linux app packages known as snaps ‐ and it's trusted by leading IoT players, from chipset vendors to device makers and system integrators. Ubuntu Core uses the same kernel, libraries and system software as classic Ubuntu. You can develop snaps on your Ubuntu PC just like any other application. The difference is that it's been built for the Internet of Things. Ubuntu comes with everything you need to run your organisation, school, home or enterprise. All the essential applications, like an office suite, browsers, email and media apps come pre-installed and thousands more games and applications are available in the Ubuntu Software Centre. Ubuntu has always been free to download, use and share. Ubuntu believe in the power of open source software; Ubuntu could not exist without its worldwide community of voluntary developers.
According to reports Debian continues to be a solid and stable distribution which can be relied on to do normal daily tasks or run web servers. Debian comes with over 50,000 packages (precompiled software that is bundled up in a nice format for easy installation on your machine) - all of it free. It's a bit like a tower. At the base is the kernel. On top of that are all the basic tools. The new version came with a lot of updated software. However, Debian, as a distribution, doesn't aim to be "outstanding” or "so remarkable” like some other new distributions. The goal of the Debian project is to create a free operating system which everybody can tweak and use for their own purposes. Debian 9 (and all Debian versions) does provide this functionality. And continues to be one of the most stable Linux distributions . Debian is one of the oldest and most famous Linux distributions of all time. Its development started back in 1993 by its founder Ian Murdock who passed away in 2015. It's also known to be the mother-distribution of tens of other Linux distributions such as Ubuntu.Debian has a strict policy on software packages. It only ships free software by default. It doesn't even ship non-free firmware and drivers. If you want, you can enable the non-free package repository later to install those packages. But you won't find it there by default. Debian is well-known for its stability. They don't ship new updates to users unless it was tested. Which is why you may notice some very old package versions when using Debian. It's correct that they are old, but they are also tested and secure. Most discovered vulnerabilities get patched in Debian in a matter of hours or few days.Those users who would like to get latest and most updated software could switch to using the testing or unstable branch. Both contain more modern software according to a different policy.The effort which is being done by the Debian project for each release is huge. Currently, they offer 25000 source packages and 51000 binary packages. Getting all of those software from upstream projects, packaging them, testing them, debugging issues and fixing them is definitely not something you hear about every day.