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“DEBIAN 9” “STRETCH” RELEASED SUPPORTED FOR 5 YEARS COMBINED WORK OF THE DEBIAN SECURITY TEAM AND DEBIAN LONG TERM SUPPORT TEAM

 
 
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“DEBIAN 9” “STRETCH” RELEASED SUPPORTED FOR 5 YEARS COMBINED WORK OF THE DEBIAN SECURITY TEAM AND DEBIAN LONG TERM SUPPORT TEAM
by System Administrator - Sunday, 23 July 2017, 5:00 AM
 

By: M.S.Yatnatti: Editor and Video Journalist Bengaluru: According to reports Debian continues to be a solid and stable distribution which can be relied on to do normal daily tasks or run web servers. Debian comes with over 50,000 packages (precompiled software that is bundled up in a nice format for easy installation on your machine) - all of it free. It's a bit like a tower. At the base is the kernel. On top of that are all the basic tools. The new version came with a lot of updated software. However, Debian, as a distribution, doesn't aim to be "outstanding” or "so remarkable” like some other new distributions. The goal of the Debian project is to create a free operating system which everybody can tweak and use for their own purposes.

Debian 9 (and all Debian versions) does provide this functionality. And continues to be one of the most stable Linux distributions . Debian is one of the oldest and most famous Linux distributions of all time. Its development started back in 1993 by its founder Ian Murdock who passed away in 2015. It's also known to be the mother-distribution of tens of other Linux distributions such as Ubuntu.Debian has a strict policy on software packages. It only ships free software by default. It doesn't even ship non-free firmware and drivers. If you want, you can enable the non-free package repository later to install those packages. But you won't find it there by default. Debian is well-known for its stability. They don't ship new updates to users unless it was tested. Which is why you may notice some very old package versions when using Debian. It's correct that they are old, but they are also tested and secure. Most discovered vulnerabilities get patched in Debian in a matter of hours or few days.Those users who would like to get latest and most updated software could switch to using the testing or unstable branch. Both contain more modern software according to a different policy.The effort which is being done by the Debian project for each release is huge. Currently, they offer 25000 source packages and 51000 binary packages. Getting all of those software from upstream projects, packaging them, testing them, debugging issues and fixing them is definitely not something you hear about every day.

On June 17th, 2017 After 26 months of development the Debian project is proud to present its new stable version 9 (code name Stretch), which will be supported for the next 5 years thanks to the combined work of the Debian Security team and of the Debian Long Term Support team. Debian 9 is dedicated to the project's founder Ian Murdock, who passed away on 28 December 2015. In Stretch, the default MySQL variant is now MariaDB. The replacement of packages for MySQL 5.5 or 5.6 by the MariaDB 10.1 variant will happen automatically upon upgrade. Firefox and Thunderbird return to Debian with the release of Stretch, and replace their debranded versions Iceweasel and Icedove, which were present in the archive for more than 10 years. Thanks to the Reproducible Builds project, over 90% of the source packages included in Debian 9 will build bit-for-bit identical binary packages. This is an important verification feature which protects users from malicious attempts to tamper with compilers and build networks. Future Debian releases will include tools and metadata so that end-users can validate the provenance of packages within the archive. Administrators and those in security-sensitive environments can be comforted in the knowledge that the X display system no longer requires root privileges to run. The Stretch release is the first version of Debian to feature the modern branch of GnuPG in the gnupg package. This brings with it elliptic curve cryptography, better defaults, a more modular architecture, and improved smartcard support. Debian will continue to supply the classic branch of GnuPG as gnupg1 for people who need it, but it is now deprecated. Debug packages are easier to obtain and use in Debian 9 Stretch. A new dbg-sym repository can be added to the APT source list to provide debug symbols automatically for many packages. The UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) support first introduced in Wheezy continues to be greatly improved in Stretch, and also supports installing on 32-bit UEFI firmware with a 64-bit kernel. The Debian live images now include support for UEFI booting as a new feature, too. This release includes numerous updated software packages, such as: Apache 2.4.25,Asterisk 13.14.1 ,Chromium 59.0.3071.86 ,Firefox 45.9 (in the firefox-esr package),GIMP 2.8.18,an updated version of the GNOME desktop environment 3.22,GNU Compiler Collection 6.3,GnuPG 2.1,Golang 1.7,KDE Frameworks 5.28, KDE Plasma 5.8, and KDE Applications 16.08 and 16.04 for PIM components, LibreOffice 5.2, Linux 4.9,MariaDB 10.1,MATE 1.16,OpenJDK 8,Perl 5.24,PHP 7.0,PostgreSQL 9.6,Python 2.7.13 and 3.5.3,Ruby 2.3,Samba 4.5,systemd 232,Thunderbird 45.8,Tomcat 8.5,Xen Hypervisor ,the Xfce 4.12 desktop environment,more than 51,000 other ready-to-use software packages, built from a bit more of 25,000 source packages.With this broad selection of packages and its traditional wide architecture support, Debian once again stays true to its goal of being the universal operating system.

It is suitable for many different use cases: from desktop systems to netbooks; from development servers to cluster systems; and for database, web, or storage servers. At the same time, additional quality assurance efforts like automatic installation and upgrade tests for all packages in Debian's archive ensure that Stretch fulfills the high expectations that users have of a stable Debian release. A total of ten architectures are supported: 64-bit PC / Intel EM64T / x86-64 (amd64), 32-bit PC / Intel IA-32 (i386), 64-bit little-endian Motorola/IBM PowerPC (ppc64el), 64-bit IBM S/390 (s390x), for ARM, armel and armhf for older and more recent 32-bit hardware, plus arm64 for the 64-bit AArch64 architecture, and for MIPS, in addition to the two 32-bit mips (big-endian) and mipsel (little-endian), there is a new mips64el architecture for 64-bit little-endian hardware. Support for 32-bit Motorola/IBM PowerPC (powerpc) has been removed in Stretch.