By : M.S.Yatnatti: Editor and Video Journalist Bangalore :The Kala-Dhan takes birth and grow in India itself .Manypolitical parity takes unaccounted money as donations.. All foreign and domestic-funded Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) will be under Lokpal, which will initiate an enquiry against them in the event of their involvement in corruption.Besides, both the NGOs and their top executives will have to file details of income and assets before the proposed anti-corruption body.As per the rules notified recently by Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), NGOs receiving more than Rs 1 crore as government grant and donations above Rs 10 lakh from abroad will be under the ambit of the Lokpal. Under the new rules, office bearers of such NGOs will be treated as "public servants” and charged under the anti-corruption law in case of financial irregularities. But reportedly this is extended by an amendment.
Laws relating to donations to Political Parties:Section 29C of the Representation of People Act, 1951 states that Political Parties are required to submit contribution details received in excess of Rs 20,000 from any individual or a company. This section has been interpreted by Political Parties as to include every single donation made only above Rs 20,000 by any person at one time. However, as per the provisions of this section, it must also include in it, multiple donations made by the same person, entity or company aggregating to Rs 20,000 or above during the said financial year.In addition to this, the coupon system adopted by Political Parties makes it difficult to establish the identity of the donor since coupons are issued in lieu of receipts and transactions are made in cash. This implies that a lot of cash donations received remain unaccounted for in the books of accounts since only those amounts for which a receipt has been issued would be accounted for. These donation coupons are ostensibly below Rs 20,000 though these may aggregate to be more than Rs 20,000.Thus, it is vital to have a strict regulatory mechanism wherein political parties have to report the correct quantum and source of donations received.
Civil Society demands the following steps to be taken:As several large donations have also been made in cash, ECI should issue directive to political parties to accept donations above Rs 20,000 only through cheques.Provisions of the RPA relating to filing of contribution reports by parties should be strictly followed.Parties who fail to abide by the provisions of the Act must not be allowed to avail tax relief under the Income Tax Act..Section 29C of RPA must include all donations made by any individual or company amounting to over Rs 20,000 during the said financial year and not only single donations made over Rs 20,000..There should be a strict mechanism for donations received in cash through sale of coupons..Investigate the role of corporate and foreign entities in setting up of electoral trusts for making donations to political parties.More transparency s needed in the functioning of Electoral Trusts.Political Parties must be declared as public authorities
Total computerization and ERP adoption and online government is first step towards making a Corruption-Free Government and Governance . One area where government should concentrate is bringing about systemic changes and automation, which would help in minimizing corruption if not eliminate it. For example computerization and automation of railway ticketing has virtually eliminated touts and reduced to a large extent corruption. But there are several other areas in railways where corruption is rampant like contracts, catering, procurement, scrap disposal and so on, which are not yet fully transparent. Smart cards in metros have virtually eliminated ticketless travel. Likewise digitalization, a pet subject of Modi, will minimize corruption in movement of files, tenders and so on as it would introduce transparency.
Reportedly Kala Dhan is created by the people who do not pay tax for their earnings and eventually it take birth in India and grow in India . So question of bringing it from outside does not arise and it is alleged that balk money exists in all part of the world. .In India, Black money refers to funds earned on the black market, on which income and other taxes have not been paid. The total amount of black money created in corruption deals is unlimited and quantum is unknown. Effective and credible deterrence is necessary in combination with reforms, transparency, simple processes, elimination of bureaucracy and discretionary regulations. Credible deterrence needs to be cost effective, claims the report. Such deterrence to black money can be achieved by information technology (integration of databases), integration of systems and compliance departments of the Indian government, direct tax administration, adding data mining capabilities, and improving prosecution processes. Time is ripe for political parties taking sincere approach on such issues. The irony is that the politicians and their crony capitalists have the bulk of the black money which they liberally use during the elections when the Election Commission and other bodies remain helpless. The elections in the country have down-graded to battle of money-muscle power.
Reportedly the money that is siphoned off in scams is no doubt large but the money made in petty corruption is not smaller though they are not stashed abroad. The money made through corruption starting from driving licence, MNREGS, PDS system, subsidies, public procurement, bribing lower staff to push files, paying money to taxmen for getting their returns scrutinized and securing genuine refunds, real estate registration, bribing the cops for traffic and other violations and so on hit hard the common man most and stunts economic development. The parallel economy, which could be as much as 50 per cent of GDP contributes greatly to inflation, delay in decision making and at times stalls development activities because some vested groups are not able to make money.
Reportedly Corruption in India is a major issue that adversely affects its economy. A study conducted by Transparency International in year 2005 found that more than 62% of Indians had firsthand experience of paying bribes or influence peddling to get jobs done in public offices successfully.In its study conducted in year 2008, Transparency International reports about 40% of Indians had firsthand experience of paying bribes or using a contact to get a job done in public office.In 2015, India was ranked 76th out of 175 countries in Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index, compared to its neighbors Bhutan (30th), Bangladesh (145th), Myanmar (156th), China (100th), Nepal (126th), Pakistan (126th) and Sri Lanka (85th). This is the second least corruption rank for India in the whole of South Asia.In 2013, India was ranked 94th out of 175 countries.In 2016, India was ranked 76th out of 168 countries in Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index