By: M.S.Yatnatti: Editor and Video Journalist Bengaluru: Ministry of Railways concerned over loss of innocent lives in incidents taking place at railway level crossings is working on a comprehensive scheme to eliminate all level crossings in the Indian Railways system expeditiously in a phased manner. Minister of Railways Shri Suresh Prabhu in his Railway Budget 2016-17 had announced "Mission Zero Accident” and "elimination of unmanned level crossings” formed a 'sub-mission' of this. It was announced that Indian Railways intends to eliminate all unmanned level crossings on Broad Gauge in the next 3-4 years for which innovative financing mechanisms are being developed.There are total 28607 level crossings in all in Indian Railways. Out of which 19267 level crossings are manned and 9340 level crossing are unmanned. Out of the total unmanned level crossings, around 6388 level crossing or on broad gauge network and need priority attention for elimination. Remaining 2952 unmanned level crossings exist on Meter-Gauge/Narrow Gauge network. The traffic density movement on a particular level crossing is defined by the concept called Train Vehicle Unit (TVU) which is multiplication of 'number of train units' by the 'number of road vehicle units' passing through that level crossing in 24 hours period. Indian Railways is endeavouring to eliminate all level crossings on Broad Gauge in a phased manner by either of the following methods. i. Closure Closing unmanned level crossings having NIL/negligible Train Vehicle Unit (TVU). ii. Merger - Merger of unmanned level crossing to nearby manned/unmanned level crossing or subway/Road Under Bridge (RUB)/ Road Over Bridge (ROB) by construction of diversion road. iii. Provision of Subways/RUBs iv. Manning - Phased manning of unmanned level crossings, which cannot be eliminated by above means. v. Unmanned level crossings on Meter Gauge/Narrow Gauge will preferably be eliminated during gauge conversion.