By: M.S.Yatnatti: Editor and Video Journalist Bengaluru: LAKES "KERE” are breeding grounds of the dengue aedes mosquitoes in urban areas "close them”.As there is urgent need to close the polluted lakes at the same time big new wide and deep drains need to constructed to drain out the storm water outside Bangalore .Urban planners only given thrust on wide roads and fly over's without deepening and widening storm water drainage system which makes many urban cities to submerge during rainy season. Be it the impact of climate change and global warming or something else, we must be prepared for changes in temperature and untimely rain and floods. Without catchment areas and down steam farming areas Kere and Small tanks have become stagnant water bodies and breeding ground for mosquitoes and such urban water bodies need to be closed and convert them into open grounds and urban forests . Earlier to urbanization every Kere and Tank bund had huge catchment area to provide fresh water and through tank bund water was flowing in downstream providing water for irrigation and drinking purposes and lake should be retained only in agricultural and green belt areas only..In view of urbanization no catchment area exists as it is already converted intobig layoutsand there by Kere and Tank became dried and dried Kere and Tank also were converted into layouts as no water exists there and today government demolishing the buildings in such dried Kere and Tank bund was an illegal exercise ,Government should ask the technical experts to make research on the subject as even live Kere and Tank bund does not have huge catchment area to provide fresh water through tank bund and water is stagnated and stagnated water mixed with sewage water has become breeding ground for mosquitoes and they spread dengu and other diseases to all Bangalore population.
Drainage system : As there is urgent need to close the polluted lakes at the same time big new drains need to constructed to drain out the storm water outside Bangalore .As you widen the roads at the same time you need to widen the drains to drain out the water outside the city . The drainage system is an essential part of living in a city or urban area, as it reduces flood damage by carrying water away.Fundamentally, the existing infrastructure and drainage system in the city cannot handle the excess water whenever there's a downpour. Originally, stormwater drains in Bangalore were designed in keeping with the three valleys that run across the city --- Vrishabhavathy, Hebbal and Koramangala-Challaghatta. They served the purpose so long as the population of the city was within a certain limit. The unprecedented growth of Bangalore, unaccompanied by the necessary infrastructure, has precipitated problems of a large magnitude. The city drainage system comprises major drains which need to widenedas you are widening roads , roadside drains and shoulder drains need to be widened , otherwise all of which get overburdened during the rainy season and city may sunmerged like Chennai disaster happened recently. .
Design New Drainage for Bengaluru: Flood risks and drainage are key considerations when planning all new suburbs. Today, underground drainage systems are generally designed to cope with frequent storms - those with a 20% chance of occurring in a year. Any excess water travels along planned overland flow paths that carry water away from properties. This prevents them from flooding in the majority of storms - up to those with a 1% chance of occurring in a year.We also look at other benefits when designing drainage systems, including the impact on rivers and creeks. For example, when building drainage inBengaluru we also need to install gross pollutant traps, which capture large litter items like plastic bags, bottles, newspapers and cigarette butts to prevent them being washed into rivers and creeks. We need to create Basin to include a wetland to improve storm water quality, provide greater flood protection, and allow stormwater to be harvested to water harvesting open spaces. Entering stormwater drains is dangerous and illegal, and could cost you your life or endanger others who rescue you. What's required is a comprehensive approach to the problem, which essentially involves putting in place a new widened sustainable drainage management system as in developed countries. A storm water drain renovation and widening and deepening and management project had to be prepared for Bangalore and implementation it without delay. In the meantime, risk assessment of vulnerable areas must be carried out and corrective measures taken to minimize them.
Bengaluru's lake scene is turning from bad to worse.And it's not just the story of Bellandur and Varthur.A study by experts from the Centre of Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science (IISc), gives a clear and pathetic picture of the city's lakes.Of the 105 lakes studied, 97% of them have been encroached upon while 90% have been fed with sewage on a daily basis.Over the past few months, the team of researchers went on field trips and gathered samples from 105 lakes, of which 25 are seasonal lakes. The researchers came across very few water bodies where sewage isn't let in and are consi derably less polluted."All these lakes have become victims of inflow of untreated or partially treated sewage and in dustrial effluents. Secondly , there has been encroachment of lake bed, flood plains and the lake itsel for infrastructure activities. The third biggest problem is unautho rized dumping of municipal solid waste and construction debris," said Professor TV Ramachandra who spearheaded the study .While conducting the research, the professor and his students came across at le ast 20 frothing lakes. "Where peo ple are less submissive, nobody rai ses their voice about the frothing Sarakki lake and one near Mandur are examples for this," said a stu dent, who was part of the study .
Polluted water bodies spawn dengue acoording to press reports: Reportedly City doctors say dengue cases have fallen, but not so in areas around polluted lakes. Highly pol luted lakes like Bellandur Varthur and Yemlur have tur ned into a breeding ground for Aedes mosquitoes pushing up the incidence of the disease in these areas."When I shifted to Bel landur eight years ago, I never imagined I was buying a house next to a major mosquito breeding ground and not a lake" saida resident.The lakeside is used as a dumping ground for passersby, residents and commuters. "Meat shops here also dump their waste into he lake. The rainfall results in garbage spreading all over the place and the next day I hear a child down with viral that is later diagnosed as dengue," added the resident .The closest hospital to the frothing lake is Sakra World Hospital on Outer Ring Road. "In October alone, we received 10-15 cases of dengue and denguelike symptoms. We are admitting at least three patients daily" said Dr Raghu J, Senior Consultant, Internal Medicine, Sakra World Hospital.Dengue has become like common cold here, say residents. The most vulnerable are children followed by senior citizens and pregnant women., a resident of Bellandur, said, "My father is suffering from dengue right now. The amount of water logging in our area along with the frothing lake is contributing to this."However, Columbia Asia Hospital, Whitefield, said that dengue cases have not gone up substantially . "With winter setting in, respiratory infections and acute bronchitis are up. But we do get more cases from Bellandur and Varthur side" said Dr Nupur Trivedi, chief of Medical Services, Columbia Asia, Whitefield.
Water problem of Bangaluru is solved by Cauvery water and Thippagondanhalli reservoir and right to water is not affected by any one. But right to life is affected as stagnated kere water is risk to health of citizens. Bangalore does not warrant Kere and Tank bund inside urban areas and they need to be closed for healthy Bangalore.Intellectuals need to debate this issue and stop demolition of already Built Bangaluru on Kere and Tank bund areas.. Save all layouts built on so called tank beds, whether it is BDA or Private Layout. Because in CDP it is residential area. DC Bengaluru Urban district has no power of demolition in planning area of Bengaluru.Stop reckless demolitions in Bangaluru.Find alternative ways to resolve the problems. Government is supreme in policy making. 'If a land fell within the ODP or CDP prepared for Bangalore Metropolitan Planning area the Special Deputy Commissioner, Bangalore, ceases to have any power under Section 95 of the Act, in view of the over-riding effect given to the provisions of the Planning Act by Section 76M thereof over all other laws which includes The Land Revenue 'Act.' If land use is shown as residential or commercial in CDP the building is legalevenit is shown as kere or kere anagala inrevenue map as land use shown in revenue map has no legal sanctity over CDP . Complaint is filedagainst DC Bengaluru Urban district before KSHRCfor demolishing the structures and residential or commercial in sarakki or Banasawadi or elsewhere without following due process of law under Eviction of public premises Act after court orders ( as several court orders high court and supreme court orders states that eviction has to take place after due process of law for those who have settled positions) .It is human right violations as every day in all national dailies news appearing of plights of affected persons as new born were not allowed to fed by their mothers .To obey one order of the court DC cannot disobey other court orders in respect of eviction .Even a rank tress passer has to be evicted after due process of law as per SC orders. Limitation Act is almost forgotten .Many persons have got ownership by adverse possessions .What the authorities were doing for several decades .suddenly you come and demolish like dictator and forgetting that India is democracy .Government cannot be so inhuman and through its people on foot path .It should make some alternative arrangements .
I have asked PIO of DC officeprovide me the information under section 4(1) (a) (b) (c) (d) whether DC Bangaluru Urban has power to demolish the structures and residential or commercial in sarakki or Banasawadi or elsewhere without following due process of law under Eviction of public premises Act after court orders ( as several court orders high court and supreme court orders states that eviction has to take place after due process of law for those who have settled positions).Please provide me copies of Eviction notice and Eviction orders issued by competent authority before demolition drive taken by DC himself.Also I have asked PIO of DC officeprovide me reasons under section 4(1) (a) (b) (c) (d) how DC demolished structures and residential or commercial in sarakki or Banasawadi or elsewhere without following due process of law under Eviction of public premises Act after court orders for removing encroachments..This information and reasons need to be provided to me as per Guide on RTIto Information Act 2005 published by the Government of India Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions Department of Personnel & Training (available here :http://rti.gov.in/RTICorner/Guideonrti.pdf) on page 12 and Para 9, following is stated: Providing Reasons for Decisions: The public authorities take various administrative and quasi-judicial decisions which affect the interests of certain persons. It is mandatory for the concerned public authority to provide reasons for such decisions to the affected persons. It may be done by using appropriate mode of communication .Attention is also invited towards the thread 'affected person ' under rti act.In fact, it can be said that "Affected" refers back to an action. The"Affected Persons" are the ones who are affected by that action. The reasons need to be given to affected person and copy of that can be given to me under 2 f of RTI Act. The DC office is THE PUBLIC AUTHORITY under obligation to provide information "PUBLICLY” under section 4(1) (a) (b) (c) (d).
Citizens can force every PA to create information every day strictly as per the system and procedure as per listed Acts and rules regulations listed under 4(1) (a) (b) (c) every day and that can be cross cheeked by applicant by asking reasons under 4(1) (d) by the affected person and copy of the same can be given to any applicant under 2( f)of RTI Act .Promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority. Policy on Prevention, Detection, and Remediation of Fraud and Corruption by government is must and a major element of good governance is the control of corruption. For that reason, controlling corruption has been a key indicator. Good governance is a keystone of government. UPA government has given you RTI Act: Use It optimally :All opposition parties should use RTI optimally .Let they create booth wise RTI activists among their members or cadets and give them training and set of questions and gather that booth level information to perform better as opposition parties .Prime Minister should listen to opposition parties as they are voice of 66% voters. All responsible citizens should send RTI Question to each MP and each Minister and Prime Minister and get to know every day what they are doing and what they are performing and keep check on their performances and give them clear indication that India is awakened and want responsible Government which listens citizens.. All 70 MLAs and 543 MPs are public servants : After election are over all MLAs are public servants and they are MLA for all the constituency .All MLAs should chalk out their plans for development of their constituencies irrespective of who voted for them or who is not voted for them . THE RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT, 2005 is an Act to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities, in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority.RTI Act provides transparency under Section 3 and4(1) (a) (b) (c) and 2(f) of RTI Act 2005 and accountability under 4(1) (d) RTI Act 2005 as the PA will create information; or to interpret information; or to solve the problems raised by the applicants under the system and procedure as per listed Acts and rules regulations listed under 4(1) (a) (b) (c) every day and that can be cross cheeked by applicant by asking reasons under 4(1) (d) by the affected person and copy of the same can be given to any applicant under 2( f)of RTI Act . Laws exist, simply put, to ensure the greater good for the greater number of people. This in turn ensures a fairly well organized and safe society. If people were not bound by laws, our society would be full of citizens doing what they most felt like doing (for their own needs and desires.) At the risk of sounding cliche, this would lead to anarchy. I agree that people will always act in their own best interest, and this is not likely to be in the best interest of the many. There are some people who will act according to their own moral code, but even morality varies. For the sake of the greater good and in order to reign in those who act without moral, we have laws.Laws exist because people are selfish and greedy and would steal from and kill each other if they could. That, at least, is how most thinkers see the question.This is the answer given by political philosophers like Locke and Hobbes. They wondered why people live in societies with laws and such. They decided it was because societies without laws were places where people's lives were, in Hobbes' words, "nasty, brutish and short."According to Locke, laws come about because people want their lives, liberties, and property to be protected.
THE RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT, 2005 is an Act to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities, in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority.RTI Act provides transparency under Section 3 and4(1) (a) (b) (c) and 2(f) of RTI Act 2005 and accountability under 4(1) (d) RTI Act 2005 as the PA will create information; or to interpret information; or to solve the problems raised by the applicants under the system and procedure as per listed Acts and rules regulations listed under 4(1) (a) (b) (c) every day and that can be cross cheeked by applicant by asking reasons under 4(1) (d) by the affected person and copy of the same can be given to any applicant under 2( f)of RTI Act .RTI is a total problem solving mechanism and not just record providing tool.RTI will provide transparency under4(1) (a) (b) (c)and 2(f) of RTI Act2005 every day and Accountability can be ensured under 4(1) (a) (b) (c)(d) and 2(f) of RTI Act 2005and this will reduces the corruption in every public authority ..Every PA must understand that "information" is not created in "Paraloka” or "Swargaloka” or in "CIC "or "SIC” which will be given by PA under Section 2(f) of the RTI Act.It is PA which creates the information every day 4(1) (a) (b) (c) and the "information" inany form, including records, documents, memos, e- mails, opinions, advices, press releases, circulars, orders, logbooks, contracts, reports, papers, samples, models, data material held in any electronic form need to be created as per 4(1) (a) (b) (c) reasons under 4(1) (a) (b) (c) (d) need to be given by PA tothe affected person and copy of the same can be given to any applicant under 2( f)of RTI Act .The PA should be forced to function and create information strictly as per under 4(1) (a) (b) (c) on the applications and request of public and provide it under 2(f) of RTI Act and information should not be incomplete misleading and falseand public is free to check accountability under 4(1) (d) RTI Act 2005.The Right to Information (RTI) Act is one of the most important tools that can empower the common man, it had become imperative to fight against corruption for the effective functioning of the three pillars of democracy -- legislature, executive and judiciary. The three pillars of democracy had been included in the ambit of the RTI Act and people should make use of the provisions of the Act to bring down corruption. There was a need to create awareness among people on the wide range of powers enshrined in the RTI Act. The educated sections of society must take active part in the fight against injustice and use the provisions of the RTI Act to protect the rights of the people.