By: M.S.Yatnatti: Editor and Video Journalist Bangaluru: CENTOS and Scientific Linux both OS are clone of RHEL. Digital transformation is happening is happening in every sector .Linux is most popular operating systems used everywhere be it Smart phone or Tablet or Desktop or Lap Top or servers or cloud or Supercomputers .Linux Unix-like and mostly POSIX-compliantcomputer operating system assembled under the model of free and open-source software development and distribution. The defining component of Linux is the Linux kernel an operating system kernel first released on 5 October 1991 by Linus Torvalds.The Free Software Foundation uses the name GNU/Linux to describe the operating system.
Scientific Linux a free and open source operating system co-developed sponsored project by Fermi National Accelerator laboratory and CERN ,the European Organization for Nuclear Research . Their primary user base is within the High Energy and High Intensity Physics community. However, Scientific Linux users come from a wide variety of industries with various use cases all over the globe - and sometimes off of it!.Driven by Fermilab's scientific mission and focusing on the changing needs of experimental facilities, Scientific Linux should provide a world class environment for scientific computing needs.( https://www.scientificlinux.org).
CentOS 7: CentOS (abbreviated from Community Enterprise Operating System) is a Linux distribution that attempts to provide a free, enterprise-class, community-supported computing platform which aims to be functionally compatible with its upstream source, Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). In January 2014, CentOS announced the official joining with Red Hat while staying independent from RHEL, under a new CentOS governing board.The first CentOS release in May 2004, numbered as CentOS version 2, was forked from RHEL version 2.1AS. As of versions 5.10 and 6.5, CentOS officially supports x86-64 and x86 architectures (with Physical Address Extension (PAE) required for the latter), while a beta release is expected to be available for the PowerPC architecture. RHEL is available only through a paid subscription service that provides access to software updates and varying levels of technical support. The product is largely composed of software packages distributed under free software licenses and the source code for these packages is made public by Red Hat.CentOS developers use Red Hat's source code to create a final product very similar to RHEL. Red Hat's branding and logos are changed because Red Hat does not allow them to be redistributed.CentOS is available free of charge. Technical support is primarily provided by the community via official mailing lists, web forums, and chat rooms.The project is affiliated with Red Hat but aspires to be more public, open, and inclusive. While Red Hat employs most of the CentOS head developers, the CentOS project itself relies on donations from users and organizational sponsors.( https://www.centos.org/) . The CentOS Project is pleased to announce the immediate availability of CentOS 7 for x86_64, including images for docker, and various cloud providers. There are many fundamental changes in this release, compared to previous releases of CentOS. Notably the inclusion of systemd, Gnome3, and a default filesystem of XFS. For more information about what makes CentOS 7 stand out, please see our release notes.With the release of CentOS 7, the board will be able to focus on getting the Community Builders online, and facilitating the progress for the several Special Interest Groups that have been on hold during the release cycle.Groups such as OpenStack, Xen4, Gluster, and oVirt can now customize CentOS Linux directly inside the project, building CentOS variants for new workloads on top of the slow-and-steady core platform. Upstream release notes and documentation : https://access.redhat.com/documentation/en-US/Red_Hat_Enterprise_Linux/.
We are tremendously pleased with Scientific Linux and CENTOS . First, it's a RedHat distro, which means you get the classic Linux usage model, excellent stability and many years of support. Second, it has everything you need - multimedia, desktop effects, Samba sharing, anything. Scientific Linux does itself a great injustice by using its name. It frightens away normal people, who think this is some geeky distro, when in fact, it's just a super-polished RedHat, with all the extras you may want. If I had to think of a RedHat-based distro for home use, it would be the academic geek distro called Scientific Linux. It bridges between spartan RedHat and futuristic Fedora by taking the best of both worlds and dropping away the problems. Really neat. If you like you distros to be super-stable, robust, fast and supported for a long time, derived from the leading giant of the Linux world, and equipped with the trove of great programs and utilities, Scientific Linux is the one you want. Honestly, if you ever think of recommending Scientific Linux to anyone by pointing to this article, perhaps, make sure you direct them to the Conclusion first. Let them not think for a moment that this is a geek gadget. Scientific Linux is a perfect desktop distro. Drop the nerdy wallpaper and you have a cutting-edge home system with everything you could ask for. Well, I guess, that would be all.Scientific Linux the latest - Scientific Linux-7 - has arrived. Scientific Linux is a rebuild of Red Hat Enterprise Linux (property of Red Hat Inc NYSE:RHT). Scientific Linux informally call them "The Upstream Vendor” or "TUV”. Their references to TUV are intended to make it clear that Scientific Linux is in no way affiliated, supported, or sanctioned by upstream. By not using their name they hope to make this distinction as clear as possible.