By : M.S.Yatnatti: Editor and Video Journalist Bengaluru : Let the director municipal administration at state review the garbage issue make permanent solutions by turning waste into resource at source itself at each ward and reduce the expenditure to bare minimum and make them usable by users . It is alleged that BBMP is breeding ground for in unlimited Garbage dumping and unlimited corruption in garbage dumping. BBMP need to use technology and provide transparent process which will reduce the corruption.Tech is changing and providing safe cities .It is time to make Bangalore city a smart city. BBMP should make whole Bangalore as smart city and it is not distant dream as Technology is available and at fast work in making urban living a smarter experience. Technology of course plays a big role and Internet of every things enable interconnections of smart city sub-elements like smart water management ,Smart mobility smart energy smart waste management smart health management etc. It is pertinent to note that for BBMP it is not possible to close one Mandur dumping location and create another Mandur for dumping garbage because no villager want to be dumping ground for un-treated waste. Planning authorities have totally neglected Waste collection and disposal process while developing the township and Layouts. Now BBMP is facing unprecedented problems. At least now BBMP make three collection pits in each ward and segregate at source andWaste need to beseparately collected and sorted at the place at each ward at which it is produced and from there it should go to nearby recycling units and wet Garbage need to be disposed after composting to nearby farm land and it should not go to any dumping site .University of agricultural science must be roped in composting the wet garbage at source at each ward and they can suggest farmers of nearby district to use this compost for increasing agricultural and Vegetable out puts to maximum at using minimum land and As a result, this produces a high quality compost, which comes with the added benefit of being virtually odour free..BBMP should transport this compost to nearby farmers free of cost. The problem is a big issuebut Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) can solve it with permanent solution.. Sri Lakshminarayana IAS is BBMP's Commissioner and Siddramaiah Chief Ministeris misled on dumping sites.You stop dumping at Mandur and find other dumping site and create another Mandur is not the solution to problem of solid waste management .BDA and BBMP and BMRDA and other planning authorities just went on urbanizing and expanding Bangalore and reduced the agriculture activities in the vicinity which was consuming the urban manure and solving the garbage problem naturally . Waste management is the "generation, prevention, characterization, monitoring, treatment, handling, reuse and residual disposition of solid wastes". There are various types of solid waste including municipal (residential, institutional, commercial), agricultural, and special (health care, household hazardous wastes, sewage sludge). The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and the process is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the environment or aesthetics.
Rash to Treasure is a CHF International's initiative to strengthen waste industry by regular collection, sorting and recycling processes. Efforts are also made to give recognition to waste pickers' role in keeping the city clean. In India, waste collection is an unorganised sector that suffers from enforcement of waste management laws. In order to address the concerns, the Cooperative Housing Foundation (CHF) International introduced a decentralised model of waste management to improve facilities and support livelihoods. The initiative, named Trash to Treasure, is funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Caterpillar to revamp the waste management and recycling industry in Bengaluru. The project has two implementation models. One is a traditional approach where waste is collected directly from 2000 households in Rajendranagar and Ambedkarnagar area, and taking it to a facility centre to sort them for recycling purposes. These centres are known as Parivarthana meaning 'change'.Second model includes collection of waste from BBMP employees in Kasa Rasa centre. The centre is managed by Saahas, CHF's partner specialised in waste and recycling management. Saahas supervises the centre's staff, manages the operations and manufacturing of compost heap in organic waste convertor machines and finally sell it to recycling entrepreneurs. In all three areas, BBMP has provided the space to construct centres for waste sorting and recycling services.
The Government of Karnataka has
reconstituted the municipalities according to the 74th Constitutional Amendment
Act. The towns have now been classified based on the population and other
criteria as Town Panchayat (Population 10,000 to 20,000), Town Municipal
Councils (Population 20,000 to 50,000) City Municipal Councils (Population
50,000 to 3,00,000) and City Corporations (Population 3.0 lakhs and above). On
this basis, at present there are 10 City Corporations, 41 City Municipal
Councils, 68 Town Municipal Councils and 94 Town Panchayats in the state. Also
for specified areas like industrial areas where municipal services are required
to be provided, the government has created 5 Notified Area Committees (NAC).
In order to discharge the above responsibilities, Municipalities have been vested with the powers to levy certain taxes and fees. Also, the State Government transfers a portion of its general revenues to the urban local bodies. The main sources of income of the municipalities are derived from (a) taxes on building and lands, (b) user charge for water supply (c) license fee for regulating the building construction activities and fee from other trade license. The municipalities can also raise loans from Central and State Governments and Financial Institutions to meet expenditure under capital heads of accounts.Government through Directorate of Municipal Administration supervises the functioning of the municipalities. Government directly supervises the functioning of the Corporations. The Directorate has the responsibility to supervise the function of the municipalities, work out suitable human resource policies, exercise disciplinary control over the staff of municipalities, monitor the tax collection of ULBs, lay down policies for transparency in expenditures, hear appeals against the decisions of municipalities, release the Government transfers to the ULBs, as well as implement schemes like SJSRY (for urban poverty alleviation), IDSMT, Nirmala Nagar. The Directorate also collects statistics from ULBs and helps in the preparation of municipal statistics. The Directorate also inspects municipalities, interacts with both elected representatives and the employees to find out both genuine and specific problems of urban administration and urban municipal services and work out the solutions for those problems.
Composting is nature's process of recycling decomposed organic materials into a rich soil known as compost. Anything that was once living will decompose. Basically, backyard composting is an acceleration of the same process nature uses. By composting your organic waste you are returning nutrients back into the soil in order for the cycle of life to continue. Finished compost looks like soil-dark brown, crumbly and smells like a forest floor. Vermicomposting is a method of breaking down garbage into fertile garden soil with the help of worms.