By: M.S.Yatnatti Editor and Video Journalist Bangaluru: UGC should reduce the minimum standards to 50% of average at PG level for doing PhD and appointment of lecturers for all in general as presently this is applicable only to SC and ST candidates and this will ensure supply of teachers to all institutions .Financial crunch at IITS and IIITS for appoint of professors and lecturers .AICTE and MHRD follow double standards .They are very critical of private institutions and cancel their affiliations on shortages of faculty and they do not take any action on IITS as they are Government run institution LIKE IITS and IIITS. MHRD is failing to replace teachers who are retiring or resigning even in places like the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, IITs or some other top institutes. "The problem has to be viewed holistically and problem is artificially created by UGC standards on teachers of universities. UGC should reduce the minimum standards to 50% of average at PG level for doing PhD and appointment of lecturers .When you allow 50% for SC and ST and other backward categories why not general candidates .This double standards is killing the education and reducing the opportunities to many and this creates an artificial scarcity for teachers in the institutions ..It needs immediate attention. Having good faculty is crucial .Given the opportunities in other sectors and abroad for more talented , finding a good faculty of more who scored more than 55% is difficult. Let the UGC reduces it to 50% for all and many candidates will be in line for teaching jobs.It is said that a bad student is some time a good teacher,. AICTE and MHRD are not bothered about the state of affairs of IITS in India .According to data compiled by the Union HRD ministry in Sept 2014, only IIT-Gandhinagar has 99% of the sanctioned faculty. Here's some unpalatable truth for a nation dreaming to set up a string of new-age technology institutes: more than 37% of the faculty posts in the existing 16 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are vacant. The IITs have 4,308 faculty members against the sanctioned 6,944. IIT-Kharagpur, long considered an ace, reports a 46% shortage.The overall student-faculty ratio stands at 16:1.Going by the faculty matrix in the existing IITs, the MHRD need 100 faculty members per 1,000 students in the new institutes. Assuming each of the five new institutes gets about 200 students, and then the government has to hire at least 100 faculty members. On November 21, a group of academicians led by Bharat Ratna Prof C N R Rao met at IISc, Bengaluru, to discuss the science education roadmap. At the meeting, many experts pointed out the inability of premier institutes to attract quality teachers were impeding efforts to enhance quality of education.
The economic progress of a country is strongly linked with Quality Education with values .... for All. It is therefore, necessary for our technical education to undertake periodic review of the curriculum and subject content of the technical programmes to ensure that they are up to date not outmoded or obsolete and effectively fulfill the technological requirements of the country. The beginning of formal Technical Education in India can be dated back to the mid 19th Century. The major policy initiatives in the pre-independence period included appointment of the Indian Universities Commission in 1902, issue of the Indian Education policy resolution in 1904 and the Governor General's policy statement of 1913 stressing the importance of Technical Education, the establishment of IISc in Bangalore, Institute for Sugar, Textile and Leather Technology in Kanpur, N.C.E. in Bengal in 1905 and Industrial schools in several provinces. Significant developments include: Constitution of the Technical Education Committee of the Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) of 1943; Preparation of the Sergeant Report of 1944; and Formation of the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) in 1945 by the Government of India. All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) was set-up in November 1945 as a national level Apex Advisory Body to conduct survey on the facilities on technical education and to promote development in the country in a coordinated and integrated manner. And to ensure the same, as stipulated in, the National Policy of Education (1986), AICTE be vested with statutory authority for planning, formulation and maintenance of norms and standards, quality assurance through accreditation, funding in priority areas, monitoring and evaluation, maintaining parity of certification and awards and ensuring coordinated and integrated development and management of technical education in the country.
The Government of India (Ministry of Human Resource Development) also constituted a National Working Group to look into the role of AICTE in the context of proliferation of technical institutions, maintenance of standards and other related matters. The Working Group recommended that AICTE be vested with the necessary statutory authority for making it more effective, which would consequently require restructuring and strengthening with necessary infrastructure and operating mechanisms. Pursuant to the above recommendations of the National Working Group, the AICTE Bill was introduced in both the Houses of Parliament and passed as the AICTE Act No. 52 of 1987. The Act came into force w.e.f. March 28, 1988. The statutory All India Council for Technical Education was established on May 12, 1988 with a view to proper planning and coordinated development of technical education system throughout the country, the promotion of qualitative improvement of such education in relation to planned quantitative growth and the regulation and proper maintenance of norms and standards in the technical education system and for matters connected therewith. The purview of AICTE (the Council) covers programmes of technical education including training and research in Engineering, Technology, Architecture, Town Planning, Management, Pharmacy, Applied Arts and Crafts, Hotel Management and Catering Technology etc. at different levels. The AICTE has its Headquarters in New Delhi and is presently housed in a building having a covered area of 12187 sq. ft. located on 7th Floor, Chanderlok Building, Janpath, New Delhi. Three Departments of the Council are housed in its own building having a covered area of 10630 sq. ft. at IV Floor, East Tower, NBCC Place, Pragati Vihar, New Delhi. The Government of India has allocated 5 acres land in the campus of Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, for constructing the administrative and other buildings of the Council.
As part of its election promise, the BJP had planned to establish IITs, IIITs and NITs across the country . In November, the NDA government an nounced setting up of IITs in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Chhattisgarh and Jammu. Before moving ahead with the plan, the government needs to tackle the faculty shortage immediately. Going by the faculty matrix in the existing IITs, the Union government will need 100 faculty members per 1,000 students in the new institutes. Assuming each of the five new institutes gets about 200 students, then the government has to hire at least 100 faculty members. Reportedly on November 21, a group of academicians led by Bharat Ratna Prof C N R Rao met at IISc, Bengaluru, to discuss the science education roadmap. At the meeting, many experts pointed out the inability of premier institutes to attract quality teachers were impeding efforts to enhance quality of education. The situation in IIITs is equally bad with a student faculty ratio of 29:1. IIITs in Allahabad, Gwalior, Jabalpur and Kancheepuram have a sanctioned strength of 282, but only 166 faculty members are working. An IIIT is proposed to be set up in Hubballi.The 30 NITs, too, are facing a shortage of 28%. The sanctioned strength is 6,467, but only 4,667 faculty members are working.