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PERMIT “MID WATER PAIR TRAWLING” AS FAO UNITED NATIONS REPORTS NO IMPACT ON BOTTOM HABITAT & SEA BED & ENVIRONMENT

 
 
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PERMIT “MID WATER PAIR TRAWLING” AS FAO UNITED NATIONS REPORTS NO IMPACT ON BOTTOM HABITAT & SEA BED & ENVIRONMENT
by System Administrator - Wednesday, 10 October 2018, 10:07 PM
 

By: M.S.Yatnatti: Editor and Video Journalist Bengaluru: The expert opinion of on "Bottom Pair Trawling” and mid water pair trawling is published in http://www.fao.org which is cited of United Nations and Indian Government fisheries department and Karnataka fisheries department is mandated to follow it ."Malpe Trawl Boat Fishers association” has requested Indian Government fisheries department and Karnataka fisheries department to clarify or modify the order issued on 15-11-2016 Karnataka order and by Department of Animal Husbandry Dairying & Fisheries (DADF) order dated 10-11-2017 which has totally prohibited fishing in the EEZ in territorial waters by bull or pair trawling by all boats (Vessels) without exempting "Pelagic or mid-water trawling” as earlier EEZ guidelines issued on 12-11-2014 under para 1(d) it was permitted whereas section 5 EEZ only "bottom bull or pair trawling” totally prohibited in section 5 EEZ guidelines. Request to exempt "Pelagic or mid-water pair or bull trawling” as earlier EEZ guidelines issued on 12-11-2014 under 1(d) it was expressly not and as environmentally no impact is reported on bottom habitat and bottom structure of sea bed as per Technical report at http://www.fao.org/fishery/geartype/310/en as department follows guidelines published in http://www.fao.org of United Nations. Some fisherman have expressed that during August September October since the water temperature get reduced fishes will come to surface which can easily be caught by mid-water trawling” by paring method. The main reason for prohibiting pair or bull trawling is "Bottom Trawling” which is according to the Fisheries scientists and report published at http://www.fao.org/fishery/geartype/307/en and that affects the Marine wealth and sea bed. But while prohibiting "Bottom Trawling”department need to exempt the mid water pair trawling as mid-water Trawling is nothing but surface trawling which do not affect the bottom environment and the sea bed. Wherefore, it is illegal to prohibit surface or mid-water pair trawling. The general prohibition of pair trawling without exemption to Mid-water trawling has affected the livelihood of several Lakh people and small boat fisherman and it amounts to violation of human rights of small boat fisherman who do not have alternative method of livelihood as their livelihood is thrown out of gear. The fisherman boat association hasrequestedto clarify or modify the order issued by Department of Animal Husbandry Dairying & Fisheries (DADF) on 10-11-2017 totally prohibiting fishing in the EEZ beyond territorial waters by bull or pair trawling by all boats (Vessels) instead of totally prohibiting fishing in the EEZ beyond territorial waters by "bottom bull or pair trawling” as it was totally prohibited in section 5 EEZ guidelines issued on 12-11-2014and exempting "Pelagic or mid-water pair or bull trawling” as earlierEEZ guidelines issued on 12-11-2014permitted "Pelagic or mid-water trawling” by paring method which's was allowed under EEZ guidelines issued by Union Government on 12-11-2014 and revoked on 30-01-2017 and clarification order 03-08-2017 to do fishing in a sustainable manner. Small boats fisherman's livelihood is affected and more than 50000 families are affected by order issued on 10-11-2017 totally prohibiting fishing in the EEZ beyond territorial waters by bull or pair trawling by all boats. Request is made to exempt "Pelagic or mid-water pair or bull trawling” as earlier EEZ guidelines issued on 12-11-2014 under 1(d) it was permitted and Environmentally No impact on bottom habitat and bottom structure of sea bed. Some fisherman have expressed that during August September October since the water temperature get reduced fishes will come to surface which can easily be caught by mid-water trawling” by paring method. Ban should only apply to bottom trawling or bottom pair trawling by big vessels (bottom bull trawling) it damages environment and need to be banned as trawling net damages the seabed .Ban should not apply to mid water pelagic pair trawling or 140 hp boats or vessels pair trawling for mid water pelagic pair trawling which does not affect the environment of sea bed .Banning pair mid water pelagic pair trawling amounts to snatching the livelihood coastal fisherman . Fish that live in the upper water column of the ocean are targeted by pelagic/ mid-water trawls and net does not go to seabed. In mid water trawling, a cone-shaped net can be towed behind a single boat and spread by trawl doors, or it can be towed behind two boats (pair trawling) which act as the spreading device. Midwater trawling catches pelagic fish such as anchovies, shrimp, tuna and mackerel. Mid water trawling is trawling, or net fishing, at a depth that is higher in the water column than the bottom of the ocean.