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GENERAL PROHIBITION OF PAIR TRAWLING WITHOUT EXEMPTING MIDWATER TRAWLING AMOUNTS TO VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS OF SMALL BOAT FISHERMAN

 
 
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GENERAL PROHIBITION OF PAIR TRAWLING WITHOUT EXEMPTING MIDWATER TRAWLING AMOUNTS TO VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS OF SMALL BOAT FISHERMAN
by System Administrator - Friday, 28 September 2018, 11:47 PM
 

By: M.S.Yatnatti: Editor and Video Journalist Bengaluru: The main reason for prohibiting pair or bull trawling is "Bottom Trawling” which is according to the Fisheries scientists affects the Marine wealth and sea bed. But while prohibiting mid water trawling should be exempted from this prohibition as Mid water Trawling is nothing but surface trawling which do not affect the bottom environment and the sea bed. Wherefore, it is illegal to prohibit surface or midwater pair trawling. The general prohibition of pair trawling without exemption to Mid-water trawling has affected the livelihood of several Lakh people and small boat fisherman and it amounts toviolation of human rights of small boatfisherman who do not have alternative method of livelihood as their livelihood is thrown out of gear.Ban should only apply to bottom trawling or bottom pair trawling by big vessels (bottom bull trawling) it damages environment and need to be banned as trawling net damages the seabed .Ban should not apply to mid water pelagic pair trawling or 140 hp boats or vessels pair trawling for mid water pelagic pair trawling which does not affect the environment of sea bed .Banning pair mid water pelagic pair trawling amounts to snatching the livelihood coastal fisherman . Fish that live in the upper water column of the ocean are targeted by pelagic/ mid-water trawls and net does not go to seabed. In mid water trawling, a cone-shaped net can be towed behind a single boat and spread by trawl doors, or it can be towed behind two boats (pair trawling) which act as the spreading device. Midwater trawling catches pelagic fish such as anchovies, shrimp, tuna and mackerel. Midwater trawling is trawling, or net fishing, at a depth that is higher in the water column than the bottom of the ocean. Single boat mid-water trawling is economically not feasible as

In view of Central Government order revoking EEZ guidelines issued on 12-11-2014 on 30-01-2017 and clarification order 03-08-2017 the Karnataka Fisheries department must allow small boats fisherman's with 140 HP boats conduct fishing business under pair trawling with "Pelagic or mid-water trawling” method which's was allowed under EEZ guidelines issued by Union Government on 12-11-2014 and revoked on 30-01-2017 and clarification order 03-08-2017 to do fishing in a sustainable manner. And further in view of central government has withdrawn its EEZ guidelines issued by Union Government on 12-11-2014 by an order on 30-01-2017 the Karnataka government order dated 15-11-2016 about banning bull trawling or pair trawling get automatically revoked as it is based on revoked guidelines of Union Government on 12-11-2014.Request letter of "Malpe Trawl Boat Fishers association which is self explanatory for necessary action has reached the fisheries department . The CM of Tamilnadu state had taken strong objection to EEZ guidelines issued by Union Government on 12-11-2014 by writing letter to Sri Naraendra Modi hon'ble Prime minister of India on 03-05-2015 and Indian coast guard informed Kerala High court in WP-C 28818/2016 in court monitored probe by SIT consisting ED CBI NIA Vigilance Commission that central government has withdrawn its EEZ guidelines issued by Union Government on 12-11-2014 by an order dated 30-01-2017 revoking the guidelines and issued further order on 03-08-2017 it is clarified that any Indian fishing vessel licensed and registered in India and with fully Indian crew onboard is free to operate inthe Indian EEZ to do fishing in a sustainable manner and in view of central government has withdrawn its EEZ guidelines issued by Union Government on 12-11-2014 by an order on 30-01-2017 the Karnataka government order dated 15-11-2016 about banning bull trawling or pair trawling get automatically revokedas it is based on revoked guidelines of Union Government on 12-11-2014 and Karnataka government must allow any Indian fishing vessel licensed and registered in India and with fully Indian crew onboard is free to operate inthe Indian EEZ to do fishing in a sustainable manner and Fisheries department must allow small boats fisherman's with 140 HP boats conduct fishing business under "Pelagic or mid-water trawling” method by paring two boats . It is contrasted with bottom trawling. Midwater trawling is also known as pelagic trawling and bottom trawling as benthic trawling.

State need to Clearly define fishing vessels of length below 24 metres OAL as coastal fishing vessels and fishing vessels of length 24 metres OAL and above as Deep Sea Fishing Vessel (DSFV). And Prohibition on pair trawling should apply only to Deep Sea Fishing Vessel (DSFV) vessels of length 24 metres OAL and above which shall not participate in bottom pair trawling for sea fish and pair trolling should not apply to coastal fishing vessels and fishing vessels of length 24 metres OALfor mid water pelagic trawling and for (a) fishing boats using nets with mesh in the cod end, in the mesh size ranges 16mm to 79mm inclusive; or (b) fishing boats using nets - (i) with mesh sizes in the cod end greater than 79mm; and (ii) incorporating any individual mesh, irrespective of its position within the net, greater than 300mm.

Conclusion : In view of Central Government order revoking EEZ guidelines issued on 12-11-2014 on 30-01-2017 and clarification order 03-08-2017 the Karnataka Fisheries department must allow small boats fisherman's with 140 HP boats conduct fishing business under pair trawling with "Pelagic or mid-water trawling” method which's allowed under EEZ guidelines issued by Union Government on 12-11-2014.The CM of Tamilnadu state had taken strong objection to EEZ guidelines issued by Union Government on 12-11-2014 by writing letter to Sri Naraendra Modi hon'ble Prime minister of India on 03-05-2015 and Indian coast guard informed Kerala High court in WP-C 28818/2016 in court monitored probe by SIT consisting ED CBI NIA Vigilance Commission that central government has withdrawn its EEZ guidelines issued by Union Government on 12-11-2014 by an order dated 30-01-2017 revoking the guidelines and issued further order on 03-08-2017 it is clarified that any Indian fishing vessel licensed and registered in India and with fully Indian crew onboard is free to operate inthe Indian EEZ to do fishing in a sustainable manner and in view of central government has withdrawn its EEZ guidelines issued by Union Government on 12-11-2014 by an order on 30-01-2017 the Karnataka government order dated 15-11-2016 about banning bull trawling or pair trawling get automatically revokedas it is based on revoked guidelines of Union Government on 12-11-2014 and Karnataka government must allow any Indian fishing vessel licensed and registered in India and with fully Indian crew onboard is free to operate inthe Indian EEZ to do fishing in a sustainable manner and Fisheries department must allow small boats fisherman's with 140 HP boats conduct fishing business under "Pelagic or mid-water trawling” method by paring two boats .