By: M.S.Yatnatti Editor and Video Journalist Bengaluru : Swachh Bharat cannot be accomplished by toilets alone .When Swachh Bharat was inaugurated it seemed to raise the broom, but resident filth was difficult to dislodge. Rivers remained opaque and, in spite of health warnings, landfills went on smoking.At the same time, undeniably, more toilets were built than ever before. While between 1986 and 1999 about 9.4 million lavatories were constructed, Swachh Bharat, in the past four years alone, built about 49 million more.Yet, reportedly the smell in India remain dirty; piles of garbage, cows gorging on plastic, dirty rivers, filthy drains. Together these comprise health hazards like nothing else. This tells us that Swachh Bharat cannot be accomplished by toilets alone.The unseemly sight of people urinating on roads may be common, but the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) reportedly has fined only five people for the offence since 2017, raising a pittance of Rs 1,300 as penalty.Civic experts and thinkers , however, feel awareness and provision of more toilets are better ways to handle the menace instead of relying on punitive action. We must ensure there are enough toilets. Policies like the notification issued by the commissioner, stating that all petrol pumps should allow the public to use their toilets, don't seem to have been implemented.Benagaluru need "toilet revolution”, The BBMP and BWSSB and other officials across theBengaluruneed to upgrade toilets to boost tourism infrastructure with BMTC bus shelters .Instead of charging rental BBMP should provide subsidy to SC ST Entrepreneurs for investing in social infrastructure . Citizens have to brave the sun and wind while they wait to board buses by the roadside. Most bus shelters, wherever they exist, are rusted, roofless and poorly lit, posing a threat to commuters. Two years after BBMP floated tenders to construct 2,212 shelters to replace the old ones, only 169 are ready. The construction of clean toilets is an important part of pushing urban and rural civilization, and more efforts should be made in both cities and rural areas to upgrade toilets, According to World Tourism Organisation, Bengaluruneed to beis among the top cities receiving international tourists in 2017. The toilet revolution has to expand gradually from tourist sites to cover the whole country, from cities to rural areas.JC SWM BBMP is requested to consider "Free to use Public Toilets” proposals under Swachhta Udyami Yojana under PPP submitted by Mr Jyaprakash and Mr Chranjeevi of SC ST Sanghas and Associations .Pay to use public toilets are unjust infringements on our basic human rights as elimination is an important body function that must take place, dime or no dime,”.. BBMP must ensure that everyone has access to sanitation which is safe, hygienic, secure and which provides privacy and ensures dignity. According to Amnesty International (AI) and the U.N. General Assembly access to toilets is a human right, as they are "essential to human well-being”. These Free to use public toilets for men and woman's at BMTC bus stops schools colleges railway stations metro stations malls and bazaars etc throughout BBMP areas 198 wards will have modern gadgets and turbo charged cleaning systems with own bore well each with ATMS and other shops included in the proposal. Public is free to use Toilets whereas other services will be charged. The Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) need to rework its Solid Waste Management contracts documents in respect of public toilets under PPP supporting Swachhta Udyami Yojana and redrafting Garbage alone lifting contracts (excluding Pourakarmikas as they will be paid and employed by BBMP in near future) and monitor them with computers setups with GIS and GPS and CCTV and smart phone surveillance systems in view to support Swachhta Udyami Yojana of the Union Government . The garbage contracts and free to use public toilet contracts should be given to one unit one persons. No bulk contracts to one person who in turn manipulate the entire systems and spoil the system with corrupt practices . National Safai Karamcharis Finance and Development Corporation is implementing the Swachhta Udyami Yojana for rehabilitating safai karamcharis and identifying manual scavengers and their dependents This policy provides financial assistance in the form of loan at concession for building community toilets in PPP mode and procurement of sanitation related vehicles such as jetting machine, vacuum loader, garbage trucks and suction. Up to INR 25 lakhs has been provided for establishing community toilets in PPP mode through this Yojana while up to INR 15 lakhs has been provided for procurement of sanitation related vehicles Individual beneficiaries/ self-help groups, through State Channelizing Agencies (SCAs), in partnership with reputed organizations. Karnatak could have utilized central scheme for the benefit of its citizens and Bangaluru . This Free to use public toilets will have modern gadgets and turbo charged cleaning systems with ATMS and other shops included in the proposal. Public is free to use Toilets whereas other services will be charged. New business models need to be devised as all other models have failed .They are not able to generate utility bills and salary payments to pouarakarmikas to maintain it .Public toilets can be constructed on public private participation basis. BBMP is not just committed to sanctioning funds to construct public toilets in each ward, but also directed the Commissioner to explore the possibility of maintaining the existing toilets on a public-private partnership (PPP) basis on commercially viable proposals . BBMP take up construction of public toilets under PPP. He said that the agencies could be allowed to put up advertisement hoardings and two shops on front side on the toilets and maintain the toilets. The BBMP is obligated to provide toilets as part of social infrastructure in the city as per the Karnataka Municipal Corporations Act, 1976. As per a survey, he claimed that the city needs at least 25,000 toilets.