By : M.S.Yatnatti Editor and Video Journalist Bengaluru: The National Disaster Management Authority and Bureau of Indian Standards reportedly classified 38 cities in India to be in high-risk seismic zones. Incidents like the massive earthquake that struck Mexico , which resulted in a huge loss to life and property, raises the question -- how prone are Indian cities to earthquakes and how prepared are we to deal with them?India has a dubious record when it comes to designing its structures with earthquake safety in mind as several instances in the past suggest. Earthquakes are caused due to tectonic shifts below the earth surface. India's case is quite serious as the Indian subcontinental plate grinds against the Asian continental plate. India cities, particularly towards the north and closer to the Himalayas, face a bigger threat.Government of India should plan in a way that its citizens are protected from earth quakes .
It should not develop new cities in seismic zones level five .Develop smart cities in non- seismic zones.Government of India should start shifting its vital installations and buildings from high seismic zones and shift them to safer places. The Safety Element of the General Plan is required by State law. It specifies policies applicable to new development and outlines programs that County government should implement to help improve public safety, particularly during times of natural or human-caused disasters. New Development need to be Generally Prohibited - New development shall be prohibited in Geologic Hazard Zones, unless a site specific study, based on original work by a qualified Registered Geotechnical Engineer, certifies that the area proposed for the new development is free of hazardous conditions. The County shall use the current Geologic Hazards Database in the County Geographic Information System (GIS), as illustrated on the following maps, to identify areas susceptible to geologic hazards. Minimize the potential for loss of life and property resulting from geologic and seismic hazards. The problem has to be untangled with a holistic approach where structural engineers, architects, urban planners, local authorities and the local community participate, not only in reducing existing vulnerability but avoiding the construction of new seismic risk in the future. In order to study the discrepancy between urban zoning regulations and seismic codes with regard to vulnerable modern building configurations and the causes of the international dissemination of architectural and urban planning concepts that generate vulnerability in contemporary cities, historic research was developed